Kassandra and Roo, Prof. Sand is repeating the old lie about Ashkanazi Jews being descendents of the Khazars. There was a Turkish Khazar Khanate north of the Caucasus between the 600s and the 1000s. However, they were Turkish speaking. They married daughters of the Jewish aristocracy of Babylonia. However, the Ashkenazis spoke Yiddish, a dialect of German and DNA tests have indicated a middle eastern gene on the male line (Y chromosone). Both linguistic and genetic studies indicate that the Ashkenazis were descendent from Jews in the Rhineland who were expelled during the Crusades and settled in the Polish empire (then including Belarus, Lituania and the Ukraine. From there, they spread to Rumania and Hungary in the South and Russia to the East. How did they get to the German Rhineland? It was part of the Roman Empire and the Jews (expelled from Judea) spread throughout the Roman Empire in every direction. Drop the Jews are Khazars (expel them to Siberia) line.
Yemen's vice president reportedly lands in Aden (Reuters)
from the article: Livni to Sweden: Ditch EU plan on dividing Jerusalem