Norman Stillman offers two sourcebooks called "The Jews of Arab Lands" covering their experience under Islamic rule. One runs from the first encounter with Islam, which ended with the destruction of the Jewish communities in Arabia, up to the 1800s; the second covers modern times. It's not a pretty story. At best, they were tolerated but under varying degrees of restrictions. But at all times it was clear who was on top and who was to be humiliated. Maimonides found a home in Fustat, Egypt, but only after his family had to flee the Almohades, the fundamentalists of his time. My own family hailed from Aleppo, a major settlement for hundreds of years. Only a handful remain today. I managed to see the Codex at the Israel Museum back in 2005. And, yes, some of us do care about it for both its historic and scholarly value and for what it means as part of our ongoing tradition.
Kuwait backs alliances against Islamic State, but no troops (Reuters)
from the article: Fragment of ancient parchment from Bible given to Jerusalem scholars