fascinating is hartman's assumption that a jewish renewal in israel will answer the question of why be jewish for the diaspora - as if jewish communities of the diaspora haven't attempted this themselves. i would suggest that it is the institutionalisation of the rabbinate within the coercive framework of the state (as every state is) that makes it the "real threat" - rather than the views of any particular rabbi within that system. in this sense, perhaps hartman's "new Jewish human types" (by which i understand to mean new forms of jewish identity) might already be in practice in the diaspora - where, in the absence of a coercive rabbinate, every jew is entitled to enact their jewishness as they find meaningful. certainly, there is much to be said for large communities of jews, wherever they live. what i will suggest is that until religious authority is divested from the state, the rebirth of "jewish life and identity" in israel will only ever remain a possibility. chag sameach.
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from the article: The real threat to Judaism's renewal