between Islamist extremism and ultra-Orthodox (haredi) Judaism is the rejection of Western civilization and values. The intrusion of Western civilization led to fear of the erosion of traditional values and a drifting away from religion. Thus, ultra-Orthodox Judaism arose in the 19th century in Europe as a result of the Jewish Enlightenment, while Islamism arose in the early 20th century, with the fall of the Ottoman Empire and the British takeover of Egypt..
Turkish military denies hitting civilians in airstrikes targeting PKK militants (Reuters)
from the article: Egypt mans interim government as protests threaten