"The Syrians have repeatedly implied that a peace agreement between the two countries would ensure quiet in Lebanon. Across the Israeli political spectrum it is generally believed that only an Israeli-Syrian peace accord can move the Syrians to stop Hizballah attacks on Israel. While Hizballah leaders have intimated a readiness to accept such an accord, albeit with teeth clenched" - Eyal Zisser (Tel Aviv Univ., 1997) Little has changed since then. Syria is still the main access Hizballah has to Iranian weapons. no Syria means no militant Hizballah. Hafez Assad made a strategic decision for peace (in return for the Golan). Rabin agreed, guaranteeing the Syrians the Golan up to some Israeli needs. This was renewed by Peres, Netanyahu, and Barak. Bashar Assad offered Sharon to negotiate peace. Sharon refused because, he explained, he didn't want to give back the Golan. As was determined recently by a committee of security experts headed by D. Meridor (Likud), the Golan not essential.
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from the article: Analysis / The alternative to Hezbollah may be occupation