the answer is clearly a) - and you yourself give the proof of this answer by your suggested answer b) because when you consider history you have to say that during the last years israel did not expand her territory but retreated: from sinai, from lebanon, from gaza, from parts of the westbank. and yet you describe her ideology still as "expansive zionism". open your eyes, swiss (dino) and think about. why are you yourself so much against israel? tell us about.
Iraq calls Turkish assault on Kurdish militants a dangerous escalation (Reuters)
from the article: Think tank: Israel faces global delegitimization campaign