The Nazis killed almost six million Jews; only a few hundred thousand survived the ghettos and camps of Nazi-dominated Europe. From the beginning, survival was a matter of pure chance; the Jews did not control their own fate. Those caught in the machine of destruction-roundups and deportations-could do nothing to alter their fate. At that point, survival depended on two factors: luck and the ability to do hard labor. Pure chance-what we may call luck-governed survival at the crucial point where the victims entered the world of camps and executions. There, survival was virtually impossible in any of the following situations: Says the Simon Wiesenthalcenter, today in Israel still 300 000 Holocaust surviver
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from the article: Holocaust facts: Where does the figure of 6 million victims come from?