From 1967 to 1987, Israeli policy was to keep the Palestinians docile and under an endless occupation. The first Intifada (started Dec. '87) changed that and brought about the Oslo process which was to conclude with two states for two peoples. Unfortunately, it also gave birth to military Hamas. Hamas and the Israeli Right collaborated in undermining Oslo, because they were both maximalists. The Right produced Goldstein, and in response Hamas started bus bombing. The Right then killed Rabin, and Hamas undermined Peres by increasing the bus bombing before the coming elections. The Right completed the job, voted Peres out of office and elected Netanyahu who worked on destroying Oslo. Excellent collaboration. There was some hope for Oslo during Barak's term, but here Arafat failed to grab the opportunity and the Second Intifada started, bringing Sharon to power. This time, the Intifada got Sharon to leave Gaza and split up Likud. Collaboration between Hamas and the remaining Likud continues to this day, with Netanyahu back to his old game and Hamas resisting. A third Intifada seems likely. What will the Palestinians gain this time?
4 UN peacekeepers injured in Sinai and taken to hospital in south Israel (Haaretz)
from the article: Hamas: Palestinians must resist against Israel in West Bank