There is no doubt that there was a winner and a loser in 1949 and that the shape of Israel and Palestine would be different if the Arabs had chosen to accept the UN Partition Plan. War is cruel even when conducted morally, (which may in itself be impossible). Israel won, the Arab forces including those made up of Palestinians living on their land in Palestine in 1948 lost. The Nakba includes the strategic removal of Palestinians from their lands during the War, (Plan Dalet) as well as the continuing consequences that have befallen the refugee and resident Palestinian population. The only way to attain a full and even more critical view of the actions of Israelis and Palestinians alike is to engage in an internationally sponsored dialogue involving Israelis, Palestinians from the West Bank and Gaza and maybe even those in the camps in Jordan, Lebanon and Syria so that collectively they can begin to uncover and accept a past that has enough blame to go around but also enough courage and committment to spur the further recognition by both people's about the validity of the identitiy of the other and begin to build a foundation upon which two states can reside in peace.
Palestinian seriously injured in clashes with Israeli soldiers in Ramallah area (Haaretz)
from the article: Mideast peace requires Palestinian self-criticism