The name given to the new and mixed inhabitants whom Esarhaddon (B.C. 677) the king of Assyria, brought from Babylon and other places and settled in the cities of Samaria, instead of the original inhabitants whom Sargon (B.C. 721) had removed into captivity #2Ki 17:24 comp. #Ezr 4:2,9,10 These strangers (comp.) #Lu 17:18 amalgamated with the Jews still remaining in the land, and gradually abandoned their old idolatry and adopted partly the Jewish religion. After the return from the Captivity, the Jews in Jerusalem refused to allow them to take part with them in rebuilding the temple, and hence sprang up an open enmity between them. They erected a rival temple on Mount Gerizim, which was, however, destroyed by a Jewish king (B.C. 130) They then built another at Shechem. The bitter enmity between the Jews and Samaritans continued in the time of our Lord: the Jews had "no dealings with the Samaritans" #Joh 4:9 comp. #Lu 9:52,53 Our Lord was in contempt called "a Samaritan" #Joh 8:48.
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from the article: Ancient Samaritan sect marks Passover sacrifice near Nablus