Then there are algebra and algorhytms. Arabic numerals, brought back from the Crusades, helped propel Europe from the Dark Ages into the Renaissance. This, because higher math cannot be done with Roman numerals. Except for the Vikings, European explorers of the Americas relied on Arab-made maps. They also invented astronomy. That's before POland and Russia were civilized.
Knesset passes 'Norwegian Law' allowing ministers to resign their seats, remain in cabinet (Haaretz)
from the article: Israeli scientists: Cutting ties with EU would seriously damage research