Welcome to the US! As you are learning, we sort people out by skin color. The government, however, in the way of all governments, has a somewhat different system. For affirmative action purposes, it excludes Middle Easterners from all "special" categories, e.g. Hispanic or Black or Asian, or Pacific Islander, and makes them honorary Europeans. In Israel, as you already know, although skin color is not ignored, many people also use a different system involving the word "goy," As in the US, the government has a somewhat different and more complicated system of categorization, sometimes involving thoroughness of Sabbath observation. Good for you, giving your little boy a step up on that!.
Islamic State blows up tower tombs in Syria's Palmyra (Reuters)
from the article: Sayed Kashua racially profiles his own kids and gets a shock