The nomadic arabs followed the work and came to work for the zionists. Eventually some founded villages because life under the zionists was good & better than under Turkish rule There were also a few isolated small arab villages and there were jews who had lived there for thousands of years although they mostly lived in cities like Hebron, Jerusalem & Tsfat. In WW1 the British want arab help and they promised arab independence in the region ( arabs assumed they would get the entire ME ) but the French & British divided up the ME between theselves It upset the arabs & the jews who had been led to believe they would get a homeland. The arabs rejected the idea of giving the Holyland to the jews and the British compromise was to create Transjordan in 80% of Palestine & the remaining 20% they were given a League of Nations mandate to rule & prepare to impliment Balfour but the British decided they wanted to stay. In 1947 the UN voted for partition of that 20% 51 to jews & 49% to arabs.
Yemen's Houthi rebels commit to peace plan in letter to UN chief, BBC reports (Haaretz)
from the article: Netanyahu should admit Israel doesn't want peace