'Palestine' is the name of the country that formerly known as 'Judea'. It was known by that name by Herodotus who meant the coastal plain of the Philistines. However Judea was called Palestine by the Emperor Hadrian when he crushed the Bar Cochba revolt in 135 CE. He expelled many Jews and brought Arabs in their place.The countri was called Palaestina in byzantine times. and when the Arabs conquered it in 636, the called the area Jund Filastin. However soon after it became part of Syria. The emigrants to the US from Ramallah who went to America in 1884 thought of themselves as 'Syrians'. Palestine was the geographic name of the country in western parlance that we always called Eretz Israel. the name Falastn came in vogue withe separation of the British Mandate from French Syria. The Arab nationalists started using the name Filistin rom then.When the Jewish state was recreated there were those who wanted to call it 'Judea'. In the end it was called 'Israel'.
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