Those nations are experiencing growth pains. An example of fairness - from Israel, which has a history of disproportionate and collective punishment - would help to disarm them. The mentality of "us" and "them" is inimical to peace. It perpetuates the victim narrative and sees a threat everywhere. That prevents the hand of friendship from being extended. It makes it easy to demonise the "other", and then, once you have demonised him, you can bulldoze his home, steal his land and kill his family and still sleep at night. Except that he is not the devil - he is a part of you, and to injure him is to injure yourself.
UN: Gaza could be 'uninhabitable' by 2020 if trends continue (AP)
from the article: Most of us don't want apartheid