"After independence, all the Maghreb countries to varying degrees pursued a policy of "Arabization", aimed primarily at displacing French from its colonial position as the dominant language of education and literacy. But under this policy the use of both Berber languages and Maghrebi Arabic have been suppressed as well." And it's not only the language that's being suppressed; it's the Berbers (Amazigh) themselves. After the Arab invasion and occupation, Berbers were forced up into the mountains, and even today, they have very little voice or representation in Algerian and Moroccan Arab governments; they are definitely "second class citizens" which might be a contradiction in terms in Arab occupied countries where there are actually very few "first class citizens" unless you're talking about people in government or with a lot of money. Talk about OCCUPATION!
Kuwait backs alliances against Islamic State, but no troops (Reuters)
from the article: Algerian minister: Sarkozy in power thanks to Jewish lobby