The answer is almost certainly that our rabbanim didn't have to confront these challenges, as , for most of the last 2,000 years, Jews did not have a state of their own. And so, our (otherwise highly intellectual and flexible) religion's thinking on such issues has ossified. But 40% of the Jewish people now lives in its own nation state. It faces, for the first time in two millenia, the responsibilities that come with power but finds that its own rich religious traditions have very little useful to say on how to exercise these responsibilities. Fortunately, many Israelis also see themselves as heirs to the secular, liberal traditions of the West. In time, orthodox rabbincal thought will probably adapt itself to the realities of power (albeit whilst still insisting that the teachings of Judaism are unchanging and immutable). In the meantime, Israelis have a secular, liberal tradition on which to draw, a tradition, to which Jews have contributed greatly.
from the article: Time to attack