Long before Israel's actual independence in 1948, the early Zionists, led by Herzl in the late 19th century, were either lawyers, philanthropists, doctors, scientists, businessmen, etc. from all over the world, were not particularly religious nor were they scholars of the Torah. They dreamed for a Jewish homeland to help Jewish communities seek refuge from anti-Semitism. This entails the period before WWI and before WWII. After World War II, many colonial nations, including the entire Middle East, dismantled or formulated into modern states and gained independence through the United Nations. The religious Jewish component to modern Israel's establishment, is not particularly highlighted by the founders simply because they were not focused on the spiritual aspect, rather on the survival aspect of the Jewish people. That is the reason the Declaration of Independence proclaims equal rights to all of modern Israel's citizenry. This is a democracy. Since its establishment, whether there's been discrimination, racism, and plenty of grievances against the Israeli Governments ? There's no doubt. But that's another issue which does not contribute to a healthy democracy. Israel has mostly given the people its democratic platform for criticism (I'm not saying that there weren't consequences early on either) but the formulation of 28 political parties in Knesset, exemplfies representation of all Israel's inhabitants. The bottom line is, it is very difficult to separate the nationalistic and religious component which makes up the essence of the Jewish State of Israel. However, it is within Israel's judicial legislations which govern the nation's policies, not the laws of the Torah. BTW Rabbi Kahane's political party was banned from the Knesset, given the reasons I just explained.
U.S. and Russia discuss flight safety in Syria on conference call (Reuters)
from the article: A prime minister seeking a direction