There was never Arab rule in the area of modern Israel. Never. There was always Jewish presence. Always. "Palestine" was a name given by the ancient Greeks or Romans. Before the British Mandate, the Turks ruled in this area. In 1948 the UN approved a plan for two separate states for Jews and Arabs. The Arabs refused,and initiated war - as did Syria, Jordan and Egypt in 1967. Over 90% of Israelis would be willing to give back more (in addition to Sinai and Gaza) occupied territories - ie, occupied in 1967 - in exchange for peace. But terrorists like Hamas are not willing to consider the possibility that a Jewish state will exist at all. Add to that these two facts: 1. Moneys given to them are spent on ammunition, while their health and education organisations are falling apart; 2. The Hamas and other leaders don't give a damn how many Arab civilians are killed.
Turkish jets take part in U.S.-led coalition strikes against ISIS for first time (Reuters)