Johboy - Egypt started '56 war when she blocked Suez - Comment - Israel News | Haaretz Daily Newspaper
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    • * BEN JABO
    • 19.07.07 | 16:37 (IDT)

    A direct act of war on her part. Refusing Israel the right of innocent passage. In 1956, Egypt closed the Straits of Tiran to Israeli shipping, and blockaded the Gulf of Aqaba, in contradiction to the terms of the Constantinople Convention of 1888. Many argued that this action also constituted a violation of the Rhodes armistice agreement.[10][11] On July 26, 1956, Egypt nationalized the Suez Canal Company, and closed the canal to Israeli shipping.[12] Israel responded on October 29, 1956, by invading the Sinai Peninsula with British and French support. During the Suez Canal Crisis, Israel captured the Gaza Strip and Sinai Peninsula. The United States and the United Nations soon pressured it into a ceasefire,[12][13] which secured open shipping in the region, complete Israeli withdrawal from Egyptian territory, and the total demilitarization of the Sinai. The United Nations Emergency Force (UNEF) was deployed to oversee said demilitarization.[14]. The UNEF was only deployed on the Egyptian side of the border, as Israel refused to allow them on its territory.[15] On May 19, 1967, Egypt expelled UNEF observers,[16] and deployed 100,000 soldiers in the Sinai Peninsula.[17] It then closed the straits of Tiran to Israeli shipping,[18][19] catapulting the region back to the pre-1956 status quo. On May 30, 1967, Jordan entered into the mutual defense pact between Egypt and Syria. President Nasser declared: "Our basic objective is the destruction of Israel. The Arab people want to fight."[20] In response, on June 5 Israel sent almost all of its planes on a preemptive mission in Egypt. The Israeli Air Force (AIF) destroyed most of the surprised Egyptian Air Force, then turned east to pulverize the Jordanian, Syrian and Iraqi air forces.[21] This strike was the crucial element in Israel's victory in the Six-Day War

    from the article: Fayad: No point in goodwill gestures without negotiations
    First published 00:00 16.07.07 | Last updated 00:00 16.07.07
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