Judaism is a religion, not a nationality. Israel is the name of the state established by the British in Palestine. Palestinians are the descendents of the inhabitants of Palestine before WWI. Israel is not accepted by the vast majority of Palestinians. Palestine was mentioned by Herodotus in the 5th century BCE. Israel was not.
Zionist Union announces support for so-called anti-terrorism bill (Haaretz)
from the article: Your ID, please