between privately owned "intentional" communities and anything publicly financed to some extent. No discrimination of any sort is allowed in public housing. Gated communities are exclusionary usually by virtue of price. A privately financed special interest group can incorporate as a cooperative, buy housing, and invite only members who believe in the group's founding principles, which can't be simply a negative exclusion of traditionally discriminated against people. They are usually very small. 100 families would be about the largest of this sort. These groups are usually formed when it is difficult to live as they wish in the gen'l society. It is almost impossible to get an apt. built to use wind energy, for instance, in the general community. Also, fundamentalis Christians want to have support for home schooling or a school that teaches their values. People not interested in these lifestyles have no reason to try to move in. The Amish, certain Orthodox Jewish groups, and Native American reservation communities are the exception in size. These were created when land and housing were not scarce. It is very difficult for them to expand in size, now. In Israel, I think it is scarcity of land and housing, and the need for gov't sponsorship, that makes creating any kind of exclusive community so problematic. When you create a requirement for a special type of person now in Israel, you are disadvantaging others from getting housing altogether.
Israel passes law sanctioning force-feeding prisoners (Haaretz)
from the article: Can't we all just get along - separately?