Therein lies the reason for the inhumane and self defeating embargo of Gaza. Hamas who up to 2006 had refused to take part in elections demonstrated compromise by engaging in the political process [insisted upon by the US to add flesh to their fairy tales about supporting democracies]. They wished to operate within a unity Government but Fatah were warned off by Israel and the US, so Hamas were forced to govern alone. Hamas chose a relative moderate as PM and later accepted the prisoners document offering de facto recognition of Israel. However they did not capitulate entirely and immediately to western/Israeli diktats. Those diktats remained unchanged for the next 4 years with a draconian embargo with which Israel and Egypt, [supported by the US] impoverished Gaza, an embargo which they now seek to tighten. The irony is that the 'extremists' did change their positions and did demonstrate their capacity to enforce cease-fires when it was clear there were advantages in doing so for their people. Israel, the modern nation supposedly representing the epitome of civilization remains steadfast in its stubborn refusal to compromise, aided and abetted by that scourge of peace, the US.
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from the article: Israel needs to rethink its Gaza strategy before it's too late