What's today known as the Golan was, in ancient times, part of Judea, as evidenced by the numerous Jewish artifacts and settlements found there by archaeologists. Back then it was known as Bashan. Originally intended as part of the British Mandate for Palestine (itself intended to promote "close Jewish settlement"), it was bargained away to the French in return for French support for British claims in Mesopotamia (Iraq). It was under Syrian sovereignty for barely 20 years, but has been in Israeli hands - in full accord with international law - since 1967. The established laws of war grant to the defender in a war of aggression any fruits of its victory deemed required to maintain its security. Syria made war. They lost territory. Too bad for them. Indeed, current events demonstrate just how essential sovereign control is to Israel's security. As Syrians and jihadis fight their war to the death, it's important both be kept as far from Israel as possible.
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from the article: Israel selling military wares to Mideast countries, Britain says