Hamas has been moderating its position over time, due to political pressure. Their participation in the 2006 elections (for the very first time), which brought them unexpected victory, was itself a moderating step: They finally recognized a result of the Oslo agreement. In forming the Unity Government with Fatah, Hamas agreed to negotiating for the 167 borders and for letting Abbas be the negotiator with a referendum to follow. A very serious moderating step. The process of moderation takes time. Hamas is not yet willing to utter certain words, but the host of steps that are actually taken are what is significant here, as the Europeans recognized. In short, continued engagement of Hamas in the political process is what will bring them into real moderation. Why keep them out and force them into a violent struggle? Only people who do not understand evolution would think this way. (Bush is one, certainly, and Olmert and other former Likudniks seem to be more of those.) The intellectuals actually make a more difficult case than they need. Hamas does not want to negotiate with Israel (at this point). They want Abbas to do the "dirty" work. Why not? Abbas is an easier negotiator, and if it helps Olmert not to shake Haniyeh's hand, let him avoid it.
U.S. and Russia discuss flight safety in Syria on conference call (Reuters)
from the article: Leading Israeli authors, intellectuals call for truce with Hamas