The Israeli electoral systen encourages divisiveness In Israel. People vote for party lists, not for individual MKs and not for Prime Minister. The result is excessive fragmentation of the Knesset. Every group with a cause, even a minor one, may run its own list. Indeed, to convince the public of the list's uniqueness, the organizers must enhance the differences between them and all other lists. Today, the largest Knesset faction (Kadima) has 28 MKs, only 23.3% of the Knesset, and a coalition must be constructed of many factions (today 6). This makes governing difficult, but the dynamics of elections is also causing divisiveness in the Knesset and public. In a country such as Britain, when people vote directly for their MPs, the number of parties is small and the divisiveness is small too, by comparison. In the US, there are only 2 parties. To win elections, a party, and its leader, must cater to the middle, therefore they offer optimism and hope. In Israel, the parties cater to their ideological soulmates. There is a price to pay for a system which divides and does not encourage good rule.
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from the article: Israel's first step to Mideast peace: Opening the door, Obama style