My maternal grandfather Moses Maisler - a member of the Janowsky Brothers Tobacco Factory family - was a teenager and armed with a Colt revolver participated in a self-defense group. They barricaded the streets and sent the women to the safety of Christian neighbors. At the next outburst of violence the neighbors refused cooperation and Zadie Moshe came to the United States of America. Most of the relatives died in the Holocaust.
Doctors Without Borders leaves northern Afghan city of Kunduz after airstrike destroys hospital (AP)
from the article: This day in Jewish history / An assassination sparks a pogrom