Anyone who pays a bribe to any public official is deliberately undermining their own government and needs to be caught and severely punished just for offering a bribe. Having said that some Western governments do have legitimate and optional fees to pay for expedited service, which is okay as long as they are in the open and paid to the government, rather than public servants individually. In the USA what may seem like purchased favors are in fact sometimes indirect purchases through campaign donations that build good access to a lawmaker, but when it comes to the actions of federal agencies settling for less than is owed is usually only a result of Congress paying for less legal expertise and related case expenses than necessary to enforce existing laws, so fines are negotiated down so the agency doesn't have to take every case to a federal court hearing and subsequent appeals. It has nothing to do with bribery at the national level.
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Preliminary U.K. election results: Labour to lose 43 seats in local, regional elections (Reuters)