"Toaff will also make it clear that the blood of dead Christians could not possibly have been used, whether in food, beverages or for medicinal or magical purposes, because the blood traded by Jews and Christians at the time came from living donors, not corpses. His conclusion is that Jews could not possibly have murdered Christian children for their blood." Dear Professor Toaff, You are about to shame yourself and your profession, if not all Italians, by your complete retreat in the face of the unscholarly public criticism of your thesis. As I understood your claim, you stated that it was possible that a fundamentalist Jewish sect, originating in Germany but then moving to Italy, used Christian blood for Passover. Was the likelihood of this reduced because of the recent criticism? This is unlikely. Take for example your latest assertion quoted above. If one's aim is to extract blood, one does not first kill the victim and then exctract his blood. When the heart stops pumping, blood flow stops as well. Therefore, the blood-libelists probably claimed that blood was extracted until the victim died, or that the victim was killed following the operation in order to cover up the crime. This you must know far better than me. In short, Professor Toaff, your thesis is as valid, or invalid, now as it was before. And please remember, you are no longer an Italian but an Israeli. We have different standards for courage and fortitude.
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from the article: MKs demand the author of blood libel book be prosecuted