Ms. Illouz's article epitomizes the conundrum of "who is a Jew?" To be sure, Judaism is Rabbinic Judaism of the Mishnah and Talmud, conceived as a tool against Christianization when Judaism of the late temple period parted way with the Messianic Christian Judaism. Prior to the destruction of the temple, most Judaeans spoke Aramaic and did not adhere strictly to "Jewish laws". Many of the Jerusalemite priests came under the spall of Hellenization. Rabbinic Judaism is antithetical to Israeliness- the two cannot coexist on equal terms- that's why for centuries Hassidic Judaism opposed the creation of a state, waiting for the messiah to arrive and found an eschatological state ruled by YHWH. Israel however will never be a secular state- nor totally religious state but an ill-begotten hybrid. Hence the conundrum and the deep frustration on both sides of the divide.
Islamic State destroys part of Syria's Temple of Bel, monitoring group says (Reuters)
from the article: 'In a single moment, I stopped being religious'