For your questions: "what would be the laws of this state? do women vote? can they walk uncovered? alone in public? is there freedom of speech? is homosexuality legal?" Are you including Ultra Orthodox objection in this reference? This state would contain religious fanatics from all religions, as seen in every other country. I can assure you the indigenous Palestinians are not like you are trying to portray. The majority of Palestinians are secular. For your valid questions about "teaching materials, state holidays, serving in army", Once this state is democratic with equal duties/rights for all its citizens - All these concerns become minimal and Loyalty to Democratic State will not be a question, Army spending will become low, as no additional wars are needed. No fruitless negotiations about territory, Jerusalem, refugees would be needed. Bottom Line: A Democratic One State is the solution. Apartheid can not live forever.
Entrance to Jerusalem's Old City to be opened to residents, Israeli citizens and tourists (Haaretz)
from the article: Netanyahu's speech to Congress shows America will buy anything