The explosive dilemma of 'collaboration' with the Nazis in order to save German Jews split the Zionist movement in the 1930s.00:01 01.05.16 | 0 comments
The debate here is not so much about who is a Jew, but rather, which types of conversions will be considered legitimate within the state of Israel. Since a person is automatically Jewish if his/her mother is Jewish, all other people are not Jewish by birth. This law is not very different from laws that say that a person is automatically of a certain nationality if one of the parents is of that nationality. The difference here is that being Jewish, which is a religious determination, does not necessarily coincide with nationality. For those who were not born Jewish, but for whatever reason want to convert to Judaism, the acceptance of the conversion by the Israeli rabbinate is important only if they plan to live in Israel and want to be considered not only citizens, but also Jewish. The Orthodox rabbinate in Israel has the unique authority to recognize conversions performed abroad. Given the rising number of mixed marriages, this issue has assumed a larger importance.