I cannot give you an education that takes weeks for even the US Air Force in ground combat rules, given as part of Basic Training in the USAF, US Army, Nave & Marine Corps, in a single post. You will have to study the Geneva Conventions on your own. The US is fighting an unconventional war now in Afghanistan and fought one in Iraq, recently. And when our soldiers were accused, we tried them and the lame excuse of ignorance was judged just that, lame. We also adjust our training by lessons learned all the time. Our Officer corps also is trained extensively in the rules of modern warfare. We don't recognize a special US exemption because of the nature of our enemies or because of our enemies unconventional force structure. We don't take al Qaida or Hamas or Hezbollah behavior as our standard. We also recognize that our soldiers have human failings without excusing those failings. Apparently Israel is also realizing that it's soldiers are not all Galahad. Hence the trial.
Turkish President Erdogan approves interim government (AP)
from the article: 'I was stabbed in the back,' says soldier who used human shield in Gaza