Yesterday's bombing in Qana sparked an immediate surge in opposition to the fighting in Lebanon. Spontaneous demonstrations and petitions were organized within hours, and drew more people than the organized demonstrations of the previous two weeks.

Meanwhile, the first person to refuse to do army service during the current fighting was yesterday sentenced to 28 days in a military prison.

According to the refusal organization Yesh Gvul, which issued a public statement yesterday urging others to follow in Amir Fester's footsteps, more than 10 other people have contacted the organization about the possibility of refusing to serve.

While some of them have answered reserve duty call-ups and are participating in military training, they have said that they will not take part in the fighting, according to organization spokesman Yishai Menuchin.

One petition, which collected more than 200 signatures within a few hours yesterday, was organized by Haifa resident Orit Ben Artzi. It calls for a cease-fire and the opening of negotiations.

In addition, more than 600 people, including Israeli professors and senior Meretz party officials, have signed an international petition calling for an immediate, unconditional cease-fire in Lebanon, Gaza and the West Bank. Among the signatories to this petition are former Meretz MKs Naomi Chazan and Mussi Raz - though the latter has meanwhile obeyed an emergency call-up order for army reserve duty.