Women form the majority of public-sector workers, it transpires. Last year, according to the 2009 Wage Report, they constituted 64.5% of this sector.

Against 1997, the proportion of women working in the public sector has increased by 6.1%, while the proportion of men dropped by 9.4%. Seen against 2008, the proportion of women increased by 0.4%, while the male workforce dropped by 0.4%.

In terms of gross pay, in 2009 the average monthly salary for women was 24% less than the average for men. The average gross pay for women stood at NIS 11,498, while men averaged NIS 15,060 a month. Skewing by rank accounts for at least some of this discrepancy, as more men than women occupy the higher ranks.

Wage comparisons by gender, as calculated for pension purposes, shows the gap is widening, if not by much. From 1997 to 2009 the gap widened by 0.1% in favor of men. If it's any comfort, when it comes to reimbursement of expenses, the gap between men and women narrowed by almost 18% in that same period of time.

The narrowest gender gaps were found at the highest ranks: In terms of pay calculated for pension purposes, men earned 1.3% more; in terms of gross pay, they were 2.3% better off than women.

Women were also found to make up 37.3% of doctors working for the state, an increase of 12% from 1997.