A new report by the Israeli Neurological Association shows that every year, 15,000 people suffer a stroke.

According to the National Acute Stroke Israeli Survey (NASIS), which is based on reports of neurological departments from 28 hospitals throughout Israel, almost half (47%) of stroke patients are women.

The most common form of stroke among Israeli patients is caused by blockage of blood vessels in the brain (92%). Other cases consist mainly of hemorrhagic stroke, which is caused by a ruptured blood vessel. Brain hemorrhage is considered the most lethal type of stroke, leading in 81% of cases to death or severe injuries.

The average age of stroke patients is 72 for men and 68 for women. However, younger people are also susceptible to the condition, with 25% of patients under the age of 60 and 8% under the age of 50.

The report also shows that Israel lacks sufficient infrastructure for treating stroke patients. In 2010, only 5.9% of patients were treated to release blood clots.

There has been however some improvement in treatment, as in 2004 only 0.5% of patients were treated. Moreover, in 2010 treatment for stroke was available in 17 general hospitals, compared to only 3 in 2004.

Over the years, the number of stroke patients in Israel has remained stable, with a 30% decline in mortality rates since 2004.

The most common causes for stroke are high blood pressure (in 80% of cases) high cholesterol (73%), diabetes (42%), previous strokes (42%) and smoking (23%).