Palestinian Muslims prepared for the upcoming religious holiday of Eid al-Adha, the Feast of the Sacrifice, by assembling sheep and other animals for the slaughter. In Gaza, sheep were smuggled in from Egypt through underground tunnels.

Eid al-Adha commemorates the Prophet's readiness to sacrifice his own son in obedience to God. According to the Koran, God appeared in Prophet Ibrahim's dream and asked him to sacrifice something that was most dear to him.

Prophet Ibrahim decided to sacrifice his own son, Ismail. However, when he put a knife on Ismail's throat, God replaced his son with a goat through a miracle. Consequently, it has become a tradition to slaughter livestock and feed the poor to mark the occasion.

The sacrifice story from the Koran mirrors the sacrifice story from the Torah, in which the Hebrew patriarch Abraham prepares to sacrifice his second son, Isaac, but substitutes him for a goat just before he lowers the knife to his throat.