Rohani prepared to shut Iran nuclear plant if West lifts sanctions
Ali Akbar Salehi, Iran's new atomic energy chief, says the Islamic Republic is optimistic about the outcome of negotiations with world powers.
Iranian president Hassan Rohani is reportedly prepared to shutter the Fordow uranium enrichment facility, as part of a possible deal with the United States and Europe.
In exchange, Rohani would seek the removal the harsh economic sanctions facing the Islamic Republic, according to Der Spiegel, the German weekly news magazine.
According to the Der Spiegel report, Rohani plans to announce his offer before the United Nations General Assembly, scheduled for the end of September. Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif is set to meet EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton next week and give her the details of Rohani's proposition.
Iran nuclear chief pledges to cooperate with UN
Also on Monday, Iran's new atomic energy chief pledged increased cooperation with the UN nuclear watchdog on Monday, delivering a conciliatory message ahead of talks between the two sides this month over Tehran's disputed atomic activities.
Ali Akbar Salehi also said Iran was optimistic about the outcome of broader diplomatic negotiations with major powers, should the parties enter "with good intention and with the resolve to solving the ... issue based on a win-win approach".
The election last June of Rohani, a relative moderate, as Iranian president and his appointments of senior officials involved in nuclear diplomacy had created a "like-minded group" that would "facilitate the resolution of this issue" if the other side was willing, he said.
"There has always been a movement from the Iranian side. This time we are coming with a more full-fledged ... desire for this," Salehi said, referring to the search for a peaceful settlement of the decade-old nuclear dispute.
Iran is at odds in particular with Western powers, which fear its nuclear program is covertly directed at giving it the means to build nuclear bombs, something Tehran denies.
Salehi's comments, in a speech at the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and to reporters afterwards, were in line with the less confrontational signals coming from Tehran since Rohani succeeded hardliner Mahmoud Ahmadinejad as president.
But, like Rohani, Salehi stressed that Iran would never "compromise" over what the Islamic state sees as its inalienable right to a civilian nuclear energy program.
He also declined to say whether Iran would be willing to halt its higher-grade uranium enrichment, the part of its nuclear program that most worries the West as it is only a short technical step away from the production of weapons-grade material.
"These are issues that will be discussed during the negotiations," Salehi told reporters.
U.S. sees 'provocative' actions by Iran
In Moscow, Russia's foreign minister said Iran was ready to discuss this higher-level enrichment, to a fissile purity of 20 percent, in talks with the six world powers - Russia, the United States, China, France, Britain and Germany.
"This would be a very important step. It is of fundamental importance that the six powers react adequately to this potential agreement," Sergei Lavrov said.
No date has yet been set for a resumption of talks between Tehran and the six powers, but the issue may be discussed on the sidelines of next week's UN General Assembly meeting in New York.
Western diplomats have welcomed Iran's change of tone but said it remained to be seen whether there would also be a change in substance.
At the annual IAEA member state meeting, the United States accused Iran of continuing to take "provocative" actions in its nuclear program, probably referring to the further expansion of its uranium enrichment program.
Iran says it is enriching uranium only for civilian energy and medicine, denying any aim to acquire nuclear weapons.
Separately from the big power diplomacy, the IAEA has held 10 rounds of talks with Iran since early 2012 in a bid to resume a blocked inquiry into suspected atom bomb research.
The talks have so far yielded no results but Western states see a meeting set for Sept. 27 in Vienna as a litmus test of any substantive Iranian shift from its intransigence during Ahmadinejad's eight years as president.
"I have come here with a message of my newly elected president to further enhance and expand our ongoing cooperation with the agency," Salehi told the IAEA conference.
The aim was to "put an end to the so-called Iranian nuclear file", said Salehi, appointed last month as head of Iran's atomic energy organization.