Tens of thousands of protesters took to the streets across Syria on Friday demanding the removal of President Bashar Assad, as fighting continued between loyalist forces and insurgents in the centre of the country, activists said.
Government troops have been fighting army defectors in the town of Rastan in the first prolonged armed confrontation since protests erupted against Assad six months ago.
Meanwhile, Thousands of Jordanians took to the streets in Amman and other major cities on Friday demanding the resignation of the government of Prime Minister Marouf Bakhit and the dissolution of the lower house of parliament.
About 2,000 activists, belonging to the Muslim Brotherhood movement and other major opposition and youth groups, demonstrated outside the Grand Husseini Mosque in central Amman after Friday prayers under the slogan "You Will Not Be Able to Cheat Us".
In Syria, The state news agency said seven soldiers and police were killed in the operation against "terrorists" in Rastan and another 32 were wounded, adding that the army had "inflicted big losses on the armed terrorist groups."
Activists reported attacks on army roadblocks in the nearby town of Talbiseh and said clashes continued in Rastan, prompting defiant calls at Friday's demonstrations.
"Rastan is the bastion of free men, despite you, Basharr," proclaimed a sign carried by protesters in the northern province of Idlib. "Bashar get off our backs, Syria wants freedom," demonstrators shouted in Homs.
The United Nations says 2,700 people have been killed in Assad's crackdown on mostly peaceful protests, making Syria's uprising one of the bloodiest in the wave of revolts which has toppled three Arab leaders this year.
Western powers have responded with sanctions on Syria's oil exports, forcing Assad's government to curb imports to protect its foreign reserves and adding to economic pressures after the collapse of the tourism industry and a slump in trade.
Relations with Washington hit a new low on Thursday when a crowd threw stones and tomatoes at the U.S. ambassador's convoy in Damascus and Syria accused the United States of inciting attacks on the army by failing to condemn violence by defectors.
Syria's army and security forces have remained mostly loyal to Assad but army deserters, many of whom are reported to have defected because they refused to shoot at demonstrators, have formed rebel units in areas around Rastan, a town of 40,000 people which lies 180 km north of Damascus.
One army defector operating in the province of Idlib, northwest of Rastan, said the defectors in the town were using guerrilla tactics against the heavily-armed loyalist forces. "Rastan has been churning out army officers for decades and there is a lot of experience among the defecting soldiers. Assad is mistaken if he thinks that he can wrap up the attack quickly," he said, adding that the agricultural terrain made it difficult for the regular army to seal off the area.
The Rastan area is a recruiting ground for Sunni conscripts who provide most of the manpower in the military, which is dominated by officers from Assad's minority Alawite sect. Residents say at least 1,000 deserters and armed villagers have been fighting loyalist forces, who are backed up by tanks and helicopters.
But one activist said army defectors formed only a small part of the armed resistance. "There are at least 100 army defectors in Rastan and 600 gunmen," he said. "The defectors are forming a cover for the gunmen so that everybody can say this is the army fighting among itself."
Syria says more than 700 soldiers and police have been killed in the uprising, which it blames on armed groups backed by foreign powers. In Rastan, troops and security police "were continuing to chase members of these terrorist groups to restore security and stability to Rastan and its citizens", the news agency said.
On Thursday, Assad supporters threw stones and tomatoes at U.S. ambassador Robert Ford's convoy as he visited an opposition figure in Damascus. Ford and his party were uninjured, the U.S. State Department said, but several embassy vehicles were damaged and the ambassador had to lock himself in an office to await help from Syrian security.
Syria, irked by Ford's meetings with opposition figures, accused Washington of inciting violence and meddling in its affairs. Washington demanded that Syria take steps to protect U.S. diplomas.
"We condemn this unwarranted attack in the strongest possible terms.
Ambassador Ford and his aides were conducting normal embassy business and this attempt to intimidate our diplomats through violence is wholly unjustified," U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said.
The Syrian government said that once it had been alerted to the confrontation, authorities "took all necessary procedures to protect the ambassador and his team and secure their return to their place of work.
At the United Nations, European members of the Security Council softened a draft resolution condemning Syria's crackdown but Russia said it could not support the new text. The latest version of the resolution showed that drafters Britain, France, Germany and Portugal had deleted a reference to UN human rights chief Navi Pillay's recommendation that the council consider referring the Syrian government's crackdown to the International Criminal Court in The Hague.
The United States is expected to support it, envoys said, despite its disappointment about compromises made in an attempt to woo Russia, China, Brazil, India and South Africa.
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