Egypt Says Suspended U.S. Military Exercises to Resume for First Time Since 2009

The joint training is usually held every two years but was also canceled in 2011 after Arab Spring uprising led to overthrow of Egypt's longtime ruler Hosni Mubarak

File photo: U.S. and Egyptian aircraft over the pyramids during Exercise Bright Star 1983
File photo: U.S. and Egyptian aircraft over the pyramids during Exercise Bright Star 1983 Joint Service Audiovisual Team

Egypt's armed forces said on Tuesday that joint U.S.-Egyptian military exercises will resume this month for the first time since 2009, after U.S. officials canceled them in 2013 following an Egyptian army crackdown on protests.

The joint training is usually held every two years but was also canceled in 2011 after the "Arab Spring" uprising that year that overthrew Egypt's longtime ruler Hosni Mubarak.

The announcement on the "Bright Star" exercises came weeks after U.S. President Donald Trump's administration denied Egypt $95.7 million in aid and delayed $195 million because of its failure to progress on respecting rights and democratic norms.

The exercises will take place from September 10–20 at the new Mohamed Najuib military base in west Alexandria, according to a statement on the Egyptian military's official Facebook page.

"The Bright Star training is considered one of the most important joint Egyptian-American armed forces exercises, which reflects the depth of relations and cooperation between the armed forces of both countries," the Egyptian statement said.

A U.S. official who spoke on condition of anonymity because he was not authorized to speak to media confirmed the timing and location of the exercise and said U.S. Central Command is due to make an official announcement soon.

Egypt is one of Washington's closest Middle East allies, and U.S. military aid has long cemented its historic 1979 peace deal with Israel. Home to the Suez Canal, the stability of the Arab world's most populous state is a U.S. priority.

But the strategic relationship hit a low under former U.S. President Barack Obama, who briefly froze aid to Egypt after President Abdel-Fattah al-Sissi overthrew his Islamist freely elected predecessor in 2013 after mass protests against him.

Washington provides $1.3 billion in military aid and about $250 million in economic aid to Egypt every year.

Trump has moved to reset U.S. relations with Sissi, giving him firm backing and vowing to work together to fight Islamic militants.

U.S. sources have said last month's decision to freeze aid reflected a desire to continue security cooperation but also express frustration with Cairo's stance on civil liberties. A new law regulating non-governmental organizations is widely seen as part of a growing crackdown on dissent.