U.S. President Barack Obama called on Egypt's government and opposition on Saturday to engage each other in constructive dialogue and prevent violence spilling out across the region.
Political violence on Friday killed three people, including an American Jewish college student, and mass rallies are planned for Sunday aimed at unseating Islamist President Mohammed Morsi. Obama said he was "looking at the situation with concern."
Hundreds have been wounded and at least eight killed in street fighting for over a week as political deadlock deepens.
The U.S. citizen who was killed Friday was Andrew Pochter, 21, of Chevy Chase, Maryland. Pochter, who was active in his college’s Hillel, died after being stabbed in the chest in the coastal city of Alexandria.
A statement on a Facebook page entitled “R.I.P Andrew Driscoll Pochter”, which appeared to have been posted by his family, said Pochter had travelled to Alexandria for the summer to teach English to 7- and 8-year-old Egyptian children and to improve his Arabic.
The page had also been posted on by colleagues of Pochter at the U.S. educational non-profit organization where he was working.
The family statement read: “He went to Egypt because he cared profoundly about the Middle East, and he planned to live and work there in the pursuit of peace and understanding.”
The youth group leading the campaign against Egypt's president says it has collected the signatures of 22 million Egyptians who want to remove the Islamist leader.
Mahmoud Badr, a leader of the Tamarod, or rebel, movement said Saturday that 22,134,460 Egyptians have signed the petition demanding Morsi's ouster.
Badr did not say whether there had been an independent audit of the signatures. Morsi's supporters have long questioned the authenticity of the collected signatures."Every party has to denounce violence," Obama said at the other end of Africa, in Pretoria. "We'd like to see the opposition and President Morsi engage in a more constructive conversation about how they move their country forward because nobody is benefiting from the current stalemate." He added that it was "challenging, given there is not a tradition of democracy in Egypt."
Morsi's critics hope millions will march on Sunday when he marks a year in power to demand new elections. They accuse his Muslim Brotherhood of hijacking the revolution of 2011 and using its electoral majorities to monopolize power.
"Egypt is the largest country in the Arab world," Obama said. "The entire region is concerned that, if Egypt continues with this constant instability, that has adverse effects more broadly." U.S. missions would be protected, he said. Last year, a consulate in Libya was overrun and Americans killed.
The Egyptian army, heavily funded by Washington since before Hosni Mubarak was overthrown, is on alert. It warned politicians it may step in if they lose control of the streets - an outcome some in the diffuse opposition coalition may quietly welcome, but to which Morsi's Islamist allies might respond with force.
It is unclear how big the rallies will be or when they may start. Protest organizers said on Saturday a petition calling on Mursi to quit had 22 million signatures - over 40 percent of the electorate and 7 million more than they announced 10 days ago.
The figure could not be verified, but independent analysts say there is a real prospect of very large demonstrations.
Some few thousand activists in Cairo were camping out at rival centers on Saturday. There was no sign of renewed trouble.
Several offices of Morsi's Muslim Brotherhood were attacked on Friday, including one in Alexandria where two men died, including 21-year-old American Andrew Procter. In Port Said on the Suez Canal, a home-made hand grenade killed a protester and wounded 15. The Health Ministry said 236 people were injured on Friday.
The U.S. embassy evacuated non-essential staff and warned citizens to avoid Egypt. An airport source said dozens of U.S. personnel and their families left Cairo for Germany on Saturday.
The U.S. ambassador has angered liberals by saying Morsi was legitimately elected and that protests may be counter-productive for an economy crippled by unrest that has cut tourism revenues.
In the capital, Islamist supporters were still camped outside a suburban mosque where they had gathered in the many thousands on Friday to vent anger and fear over a return of army-backed rule. Some speakers also urged reconciliation.
On Tahrir Square, seat of the uprising of early 2011, flags and tents formed a base camp for protesters. They hoped for millions on the streets under slogans accusing Morsi and the Brotherhood of hijacking the revolution against Hosni Mubarak to entrench their own rule. A rally was also planned outside the presidential palace, where some had already taken up position.
With short supplies of fuel adding to long-standing economic woes, many said they would turn out on Sunday, when Morsi marks his first year in office as Egypt's first ever freely elected leader, to demand a new president who can bring them prosperity.
Liberal opposition leaders dismissed an offer of cooperation from Mursi this week as too little too late. The Brotherhood, which says at least five of its supporters have been killed in days of street fighting, accuses liberals of allying with those loyal to Mubarak to mount a coup against the electoral process.
The opposition says the Brotherhood are trying to monopolize power, Islamize a diverse society and throttle dissent. They cite as evidence Morsi's broadsides against critical media and legal proceedings launched against journalists and satirists.
"Mursi is no longer the legitimate president of Egypt," Mohamed Abdelaziz, a protest organizer, told a news conference where others called for peaceful sit-ins to last until Morsi made way for an interim administration led by a senior judge.
"Come June 30, the people will run Egypt!" chanted people attending the event. The opposition, which has lost a series of elections, wants to reset the rules that emerged in a messy process of army and then Islamist rule since early 2011.
Egypt's leading religious authority warned of the risk of "civil war" after violence in the past week that left several dead and hundreds injured. The clerics backed Morsi's offer to talk to opposition groups before Sunday's protests.
A senior figure at Cairo's Al-Azhar institute said Sunday should be a day of "community dialogue and civilized expression of opinion", a "catalyst" for political leaders to understand their national duty - and the "dangerous alternative."
Senior Brotherhood figure Essam el-Erian was dismissive of middle-class protest organizers in a Facebook post: "Millions of farmers will wake early, perform their morning prayers and go to their fields to harvest food for the people," he wrote.
Warning again that Mubarak-era "thugs" would spread violence among peaceful protesters, he said government would continue: "President Mohamed Morsi will go to his office tomorrow to sign new planning and budget laws for the new financial year."
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