Foreign Affairs Committee Marks New Work on Kristallnacht

Two-volume book documents over 1,300 synagogues destroyed in 1938 pogrom in Nazi Germany.

A Bruenn JR shop, a Jewish-run store after it has been vandalized by Nazis and its frontwall inscripted with anti-Semitic graffiti after Kristallnacht. AFP

Members of Congress, Jewish leaders and German officials marked the release of a book documenting more than 1,300 synagogues and Jewish prayer houses razed by Nazis on Kristallnacht, November 9, 1938.

The Washington, D.C. event was hosted on Monday by House Foreign Affairs Committee Chairman Ed Royce and Ranking Minority Member Eliot Engel, and was attended by, among others, Royce's German counterpart Norbert Roettgen and Exec. Vice Chairman of the Conference of Presidents Malcolm Hoenlein.

The riots on November 9-10, 1938, known as the "Night of Broken Glass," were an anti-Jewish pogrom in Germany organized by the authorities which killed at least 91 Jews, destroyed countless synagogues and were followed by the deportation of 30,000 Jews to concentration camps.

The systematized attacks anticipated the mass slaughter of European Jewry launched three years later.

The new two-volume work, "Pogrom Night 1938 - A Memorial to the Destroyed Synagogues of Germany" by Professor Meir Schwartz of Jerusalem, sheds new light on the events, claiming that a far larger number of Jewish houses of worship were destroyed in the pogroms than was previously believed.

Alongside the book, a website has also been launched which includes an easily-browsable list of all the synagogues destroyed in the pogrom, accompanied by a short description of the Jewish community around it and of the pogrom night itself.