The History of the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem

King Solomon built the first Temple in the 10th century BCE, on a site whose sanctity went back eons before that.

Since at least July 2000, when U.S.-sponsored peace talks at Camp David, Maryland, collapsed, soon to be followed by what became known as the Second Intifada, the very existence of an Israelite temple in ancient Jerusalem has been a point of contention between Palestinians and Israelis. This is ironic, since the principal reason that the place Jews call the "Temple Mount" and Muslims call the...