An Illusory First 'Egypt Spring'

60 years ago, Israeli officials followed the Egyptian revolution with a glimmer of hope. But the internal upheavals led Ben-Gurion to dismiss Israel's neighbor as a 'regime of gangs.'

As a boy, Muhammad Naguib liked to play with tin soldiers. That was in Khartoum, Sudan, where he was born in 1901. His father, an officer in the army of...