Vatican Signs First Treaty With Palestinian State, Voices Support for 'Two State-solution'

Israel blasts what it calls a 'hasty' step that damage peace prospects, while Palestinians laude move.

Pope Francis with Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas at the Vatican Saturday, May 16, 2015.
Pope Francis with Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas at the Vatican Saturday, May 16, 2015. AP

REUTERS - The Vatican signed its first treaty with the "State of Palestine" on Friday, calling for "courageous decisions" to end the Israeli-Palestinian conflict with a two-state solution.

The treaty concerned the Catholic Church's activities in areas controlled by the Palestinian Authority.

The Israeli foreign ministry said it regretted the move, calling the signing of a treaty, which implies there is an official Palestinian state, "a hasty step (that) damages the prospects for advancing a peace agreement".

But Archbishop Paul Gallagher, the Vatican's foreign minister, said he hoped the agreement could be a "stimulus to bringing a definitive end to the long-standing Israeli-Palestinian conflict, which continues to cause suffering for both parties".

He said he hoped that a peace process directly negotiated between Israelis and Palestinians could resume and lead to a two-state solution. "This certainly requires courageous decisions, but it will also offer a major contribution to peace and stability in the region," he said.

The Palestinian for their part lauded the move, with Palestinian Foreign Minister Riad Malki  saying he was "proud and honored" of the treaty. According to a statement released by the Palestinian Authority, the treaty reinforced the PA's bond with the Holy See and "the special status of Palestine as the birthplace of Christianity and as the cradle of monolithic religions."

The Palestinians further said that the agreement "embodies our shared values of freedom, dignity, tolerance, co-existence, and equality of all.  This comes at a time when extremism, barbaric violence, and ignorance threaten the social fabric and cultural identity of the region and indeed of human heritage."

The UN General Assembly adopted a resolution in 2012 recognizing Palestine as an observer non-member state. This was welcomed at the time by the Vatican, which has the same observer non-member status at the United Nations.

Since then the Vatican has de facto recognized a "State of Palestine" and Pope Francis referred to it by that name when he visited the Holy Land last year.