Israel Kastner vs. Hannah Szenes: Who Was Really the Hero During the Holocaust?

They were two Hungarian Jews, both of whom aimed to save other Jews. The one who failed is remembered as a heroine, while the one who rescued thousands is still excoriated. The Szenes-Kastner dialectic refuses to die.

Two Jews set out from Budapest: One was Hannah ‏(Anna‏) Szenes, a native of the city, pioneer and poet, who left at age 18 and immigrated to...