Former White House Chief of Staff Rahm Emanuel
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An Illinois state appeals court on Monday threw the Chicago mayor's race into turmoil by ruling that front-runner and former White House chief of staff Rahm Emanuel did not qualify for the February ballot.

Illinois law requires candidates for municipal offices to be residents of the city for a year prior to elections. The appellate court, in its 2-1 ruling, said that although Emanuel owned a house in the city, he did not live there.

The ruling overturned decisions by a lower court and a Chicago elections board that had allowed Emanuel to run in the Feb. 22 election.

Emanuel, who resigned as President Barack Obama's White House chief of staff last year to run for mayor, was challenged on the residency issue by several Chicago residents.

The court said that under Illinois law, an exception for residency while serving on U.S. business is extended to voters, but not to candidates.
Of course it changes the entire complexion of the race," said Dick Simpson, a University of Illinois-Chicago political analyst.

Simpson said that former U.S. Senator Carol Moseley Braun becomes the leading candidate in the race. Simpson said he expects Rahm will appeal to the state Supreme Court, an effort which could consume his campaign for several weeks.

A Chicago Tribune poll published last week showed Emanuel leading the race by a comfortable margin, with 44 percent compared to his nearest rival Braun at 21 percent.

Emanuel has raised $11.8 million for the campaign, from big names such as film director Steven Spielberg. Braun has raised less than $500,000.